Capital: Rome
Area: 300 000 km2
Total Population: 60 million
Official language: Italian
Official Religion: Christianity
Regime: Republic
National Average Income: $ 30 000
Currency: Euro (Euro)
City Population Ratio: 79%
Average Life: Male 78, Female 84
Literacy Rate: 98%

Italy is a southern European country and consists of a peninsula extending in the form of a boot towards the Mediterranean and islands extending to the west geographically from north to south and west respectively.

Italy is an important country in terms of history and religion, which has important habitats in the First and Middle Ages. In Italy, where 60 million people live, there are 200 people per km2. Most of the population lives in northern areas where most of the transportation is easy.

Rome (3 million), Milan (1.6 million), Naples (1.2 million), Turin, Palermo, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Bari, Catania, Venice, Verona and Messina.

Four out of every five people live in cities (80%). Natural population growth rate is low (Binde 7).


Ancient Rome (1200 BC – 476 BC)
Western Rome and Eastern Rome (Byzantine Empire)
Renaissance (14-18 centuries)
Monarchy, World War I (1800 – 1918)
Fascism – Mussolini, II. World War II (1918 – 1946)
Republic, NATO, EEC (1946)

Geographical Position of Italy

(Neighbours): France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, Tire Sea, Corsica Island, Sardinia Island

Adriya Sea, Sicily, Messina Strait, Ionian Sea

Italy is in three parts: Northern Italy. Peninsula Italia, Italian islands

Northern Italy: Po Plain, Po Delta, the Alps in the north, and the Piedmont Mountain Terraces.

The northern countries provide passageways through the passageways. Cennen and Bernard passages between the Alps are important.

Italy Peninsula: North-South Apennines, west and east coastal plains.

Italian islands: Sardinia in the west of the peninsula, Corsica, and the small islands with 200 inhabitants and the island of Sicily in the south.

Climate of Italy: Mediterranean climate is influential in the country. Summers are hot and dry, winters are mild and rainy.

The Alps are a natural boundary for Italy. This mountainous mass prevents the sea effect to move north and the cold weather to come south. It is predominantly covered with coniferous forests and alpine meadows where there is increased rainfall.

Rivers of Italy: Po, Adige (poured into the Adriatic Sea), Arno, Tiber (Tire Sea) are rivers.

Agriculture and animal husbandry: Italy is an important agricultural country. Agriculture is mostly vineyard – garden farming. Europe ‘s most important vegetable – fruit producer. Viticulture has improved.

Rice is grown in the northern parts and citrus in the south. It is also in second place in olive production after Spain. Nuts, wheat, corn and other grown products.

Also important for animal husbandry is the small cattle breeding in the south in the country, and cattle breeding in the north. It has Important cheese makers. Despite being a half island surrounded by the sea, fishing has not developed much.

Mining: It is not rich in terms of underground resources. It needs more from outside. Rock salt, marble, sulfur and mercury are the major mines.

Hydroelectric potential is high. There are nuclear power plants and geothermal power plants.

Industry: The industry has improved. It has an important place in the automotive sector. In addition, shipbuilding, chemistry, textile, food and machinery are other advanced industries.

Tourism: Europe is the country with the highest tourism income. It has natural beauty and historical places.

Transportation: All cities are connected to the capital city of Rome. Land, sea and air transport networks have developed.