Luxor is an open-air museum and one of the greatest archaeological sitesi in the world. The valley of the kings with its 62 fabuluous royal tombs can bring you back to one of the greatest discoveries in the history of archaelogy, the tomb of TUTANKHAMUN.
The ancient Greeks called it THEBES meaning city of hundred gates whereas its present name comes from al-Uqsur, the Arabic word meaning palaces. Howwever, its ancient inhabitants called WASET, meaning the city greatest of all capitals.
Egyptian scholars were very much impressed by the traces of Pharaonic antiquity evident in Luxor. Howwever, it was not until 1822 when Rosetta Stone was discovered by Napoleon’s troops north of modern-day Cairo in teh Nile Delta which provided the great opportunity of decoding hieroglyphics and thus understandingthe monuments in their true historical context.
The most important discovery here was when Howard Carter found the tomb of Tutankhamen in 1922. Even now, in a continually unfolding tale amazing discoveries are being made. It is maintained by experts that 70 percent of the glories of Luxor’s ancient past still lie buried beneath the sand.
After thousands of years we are very lucky that we can still experience the most diverse and abundant collection of antiquities on earth. We are talking about some 450 tombs, a constellation of temples and other buildings as well as rich inscriptions and paintings, some of whose colors are still as fresh as the day they were painted. Egypt has undertaken the task to preserve this priceless heritage while making it accesible to millions of annual visitors from allover the world.
Home to one of the earliest civilizations developed by human, Luxor’s population reached one million and the wealth, knowledge and technical abilities of its people made it a center of the ancient world for more than half a millenium.