From 1867 to 1918, the city (part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire) was among Central Europe’s most prosperous Mediterranean seaports as well as a capital of literature and music. Following World War One Trieste was annexed to Italy, after which the decline in its economic and cultural importance started.
It is now a very charming city with a peaceful and lovely atmosphere (almost Eastern European), many pubs and cafes and certainly stunning architecture, by the sea.
Trieste owes its artistic and cultural heritage to its “border town” location.
It is located on the crossroads of many commercial and cultural flows: Germany middle Europe to the north, Slavic countries to the east, Italy and Latin countries to the west and the Mediterranean to the south.
TOURISM AND HISTORICAL SITES
One can see different kinds of architecture in Trieste such as old Roman architecture (a small theater near the sea, a nice arch into old city and an interesting Roman museum), Austrian empire architecture and spots reflecting Mediterranean style.
Most visitors prefer to take a stroll through the town to admire its ancient architecture. This way they can travel at their own pace. As Trieste is not a big town and most places of interest can easily be reached on foot it is not necessary to go on a bus provided you do not have luggage with you.
Among places worth seeing are;
Museo Revoltella which hosts Italy’s finest collections of 19th-century, modern and contemporary art,
Museo di Storia, Arte e Orto Lapidario (Museum of History and Art and Lapidary Garden),
Museo di Storia Naturale – Zoological, botanical, geological, palaeontological and mineralogical collections,
The Roman Theatre – Trieste or Tergeste dating back to the protohistoric period and enclosed by walls built in 33-32 BC on Emperor Octavius’s orders.
Il Faro della Vittoria – Victory Lighthouse – The Lighthouse of the Victory, an impressive work of the Triestine architect Arduino Berlam (1880-1946) and of the sculptor Giovanni Mayer (1863-1943), has two important functions. It helps navigation in the gulf of Trieste and also serves as a commemorative monument dedicated to the fallen of the first Worid War.
And many more such as Capitoline Temple, Church of San Giovanni, San Michele al Carnale, Roman forum and civic building , Castle of San Giusto, Park of Remembrance World War I commemorative park, Lapidary Garden. Contains Roman and Medieval relics discovered in Trieste. In it stands a Cenotaph to the archaeologist Johann Winckelmann, father of neoclassicism, who died in Trieste in 1769, The Miramare Castle